oneM2M standardizes the Machine-to-Machine Market

one M2M

one m2m

one m2m

Industry 4.0 promises more transparency, more efficiency and higher profits overall. But for this to work, all machines in the system must be connected. The problem? The many different components are manufactured by a wide variety of companies. To guarantee smooth processes, a common communication standard is called for. With oneM2M, Deutsche Telekom is looking to achieve exactly this, in cooperation with strong partners.

Imagine this: your telephone rings, but the caller speaks a language you don’t understand. However clear the connection is, however good the communication skills of both parties are, however often what is said is repeated, or however important the information to be communicated is: there will not be any common understanding.
And it is exactly the same with machines. They also need a “common language” to pass on data in a way that is understandable and useful. The complex connections in the Internet of Things (IoT) are especially affected by this. If a parking sensor, a water meter, a fridge, a car or a production machine want to communicate with a cloud, engineers need to have taught them the same language beforehand.
Before now, major implementation efforts were necessary for every IoT client, in order to convert the data generated by objects or machines in such a way that it could be used logically by IoT cloud services. In the future, this will be more efficient: a standard like oneM2M creates a level which can be communicated with over a wide array of sectors – whether it’s the smart home, healthcare, automotive or other industries.

The standard for all sectors

oneM2M was developed by the organization of the same name, which wanted to create a uniform standard specifically for the M2M and IoT market. Supported by 230 members at present – among them Deutsche Telekom as well as such notable partners as Cisco, ATIS, TTC and ETSI – the declared goal is to establish a single, horizontal platform for exchanging and sharing data among all possible applications. As a software, oneM2M works like an operating system to ensure a consistent framework within which various technologies can work successfully together. It will be possible to integrate this service layer into the widest range of hardware and software designs, simply as it is. oneM2M consists of three entities:
•    Application Entity (AE), which communicates with the connected application
•    Common Service Entity (CSE), which provides the usual IoT functions for the applications
•    Network Service Entity (NSE), which controls the applications’ access to the network
Like the releases of standardization body 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), oneM2M boasts a broad spectrum of specifications, for instance for architecture, tests and security measures like “Security by Design”.

Rapid development

The initiative was founded in 2012, and since then engineers from the participating companies have met at regular intervals to define and test specifications for the new standard. In March 2016, oneM2M published its improved release 1 with globally applicable requirements and guidelines for IoT app developers, device manufacturers, platform providers and their customers. An additional update – release 2 – appeared in July 2016.

And development is continuing rapidly: although oneM2M is a comparatively young standard, it is already used frequently. Release 1, for instance, has already been used by service providers in South Korea, Asia, and Europe for the smart city and transport applications. Release 2 goes further by offering a single, joint platform for the collaboration of various technologies; the planned release 3 aims to offer even better support for app developers and focus specifically on the needs of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Deutsche Telekom also launched its own project to use machine-to-machine communication via oneM2M: its online platform “Cloud of Things”, which is perfectly suited to monitoring, tracking and controlling machines, is equipped with a oneM2M-capable adapter. This allows users to connect devices of various manufacturers as well as other IoT platforms. This ensures perfect interoperability among “things” from different providers and with the “Cloud of Things”.

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